Entries by Courtney Buffy

An investigation into the effects of a unilaterally applied lumbar mobilisation technique on peripheral sympathetic nervous system activity in the lower limbs.

Perry J Green A. Man Ther Dec 2008AbstractPhysiotherapeutic management of lumbar disorders often utilises specific segmental joint mobilisation techniques; however, there is only limited evidence of any neurophysiological effects and much of this has focused on the cervical spine and upper limbs. This study used a unilaterally applied lumbar spinal mobilisation technique and explored its […]

Effect of spinal decompression on the lumbar muscle activity and disk height in patients with herniated intervertebral disk.

Kang JI et al Journal of PT sci Nov 2016Abstract: This study was conducted to clarify the difference in therapeutic effects between traction and decompression therapies, and their clinical therapeutic significance.Subjects and Methods: The subjects were 31 patients aged 35 to 50 years who had unilateral or bilateral lumbar and radicular leg pain. An intervention program was […]

Maximum Pain on Visual Analog Scales in Spinal Disorders.

Spine J. 2016 Dec 6.Behrend CJ Schönbach et alBACKGROUND CONTEXT:Determining pain intensity is largely dependent on the patient’s report.PURPOSE:To test the hypothesis that patients initially reporting 10/10 pain on visual analog scales (VAS) would experience symptom improvement to a degree similar to patients reporting milder pain.RESULTS:The proportion of patients with identifiable secondary gain was higher […]

Reliability of Diagnosis and Clinical Efficacy of Cranial Osteopathy: A Systematic Review.

Guillaud A et al CONTEXT:In 2010, the World Health Organization released benchmarks for training in osteopathy in which they considered cranial osteopathy as an important osteopathic skill. However, the evidence supporting the reliability of diagnosis and the efficacy of treatment in this field appears scientifically weak and inconsistent.There was no restriction regarding the type of disease.SEARCH […]

Effects of dietary restriction on adipose mass and biomarkers of healthy aging in human.

J Aging Letteri-Barbora et al Nov. 2016AbstractIn developing countries the rise of obesity and obesity-related metabolic disorders, such as cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes, reflects the changes in lifestyle habits and wrong dietary choices. Dietary restriction (DR) regimens have been shown to extend health span and lifespan in many animal models including primates. Identifying […]

Of 20,376 Lumbar Discectomies, 2.6% of Patients Readmitted within 30 Days: Surgical Site Infection, Pain, and Thromboembolic Events are the Most Common Reasons for Readmission.

Spine 2016Webb ML1, Nelson SJOBJECTIVE:As an initial effort to address readmissions after lumbar discectomy, reasons for hospital readmission are identified and discussed.SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:Lumbar discectomy is a commonly performed procedure. The Affordable Care Act codifies penalties for hospital readmissions. RESULTS:Of 20,376 lumbar discectomies, 533 patients (2.62%) were readmitted within 30 days of surgery. The […]

Neurochemical changes in patients with chronic low back pain detected by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy: A systematic review.

Zhao X1, Xu M1, BACKGROUND:Low back pain is a highly prevalent health problem around the world, affecting 50% to 85% of people at some point in life. The purpose of this systematic review is to summarize the previous proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies on brain chemical changes in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP).RESULTS:The results […]

Identification of lumbar disc disease hallmarks: a large cross-sectional study.

Zhang J1, et alBACKGROUND:Lumbar disc disease has a disabling impact and a heavy burden on society. It mainly consists of lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) and lumbar disc herniation (LDH). The recently released lumbar disc nomenclature version 2.0 deepens our understanding however there is an urgent need to clarify the occurrence and distribution features of LDD and LDH in […]

Drug-Therapy Keeps ER’s Busy

No drug is free of risks, or the potential for causing harm. Every decision to take a drug needs to consider expected benefits and known risks. One of the ways we can reduce harms is by studying drug use rigorously. Only by understanding the “real world” effects of drugs can we understand the true risks […]